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Interpretation (Article 1)


1. In this Act and in its application, unless the context requires otherwise, the following words and expressions have the meaning hereinafter given to them:

"agricultural exploitation";

  • (a) "agricultural exploitation" means a farm, developed by the farmer himself or through employees;

"certified association";

  • (b) "certified association" means the association recognized under the Labour Code (chapter C-27) by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Labour Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;

"employers' association";

  • (b.1) "employers' association" means a group of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members and, particularly, assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;

"association of employees";

  • (b.2) "association of employees" means a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and, particularly, the negotiation and application of collective agreements;


  • (c) "committee" means the parity committee, constituted as a result of a decree;

"collective agreement", "agreement";

  • (d) "collective agreement" or "agreement" means a collective agreement within the meaning of the Labour Code or an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment, based on one or more collective agreements, and made between one or more certified associations or one or more groups of certified associations and one or more employers or one or more employers' associations;


  • (f) "employer" includes any person, partnership or association who or which has work done by an employee;

"professional employer";

  • (g) "professional employer" means an employer who has in his employ one or more employees covered by the scope of application of a decree;


  • (h) "Minister" means the Minister of Labour;


  • (i) "wage" means the remuneration in currency, and the compensation or benefits of a pecuniary value as determined in the decree for the labour governed by it;


  • (j) "employee" means any apprentice, unskilled labourer or workman, skilled workman, journeyman, artisan, clerk or employee, working individually or in a crew or in partnership;
  • (k) (paragraph repealed);
  • (l) (paragraph repealed).


  • R. S. 1964, c. 143, s. 1; 1968, c. 43, s. 17; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1981, c. 9, s. 34;1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1984, c. 45, s. 10; 1989, c. 4, s. 10; 1994, c. 12, s. 31; 1996, c.29, s. 43; 1996, c. 71, s. 1.